“Philosophy of love in Božena Němcová? Nonsense!” is what a literary historian, as well as a historian of philosophy, would say. Němcová was a spontaneous and supreme writer of belles-lettres. Working with precisely defined concepts and rational argumentation, moreover in the spirit of some sort of scholastic doctrine, was completely alien to her. Nevertheless in her life as in her works, Němcová touched upon several general questions, especially of a moral and social nature. Qualified answers to these have up to now been usurped by religious faith and secular wisdom.